Start by visiting the Pyramids of Giza, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Get there as early as you can. Entry is USD 12 per person. The Sphinx nearby, with the body of a lion and the head of a king, is a mysterious marvel from the days of ancient Egypt. Carved from the bedrock of the Giza plateau, the Sphinx has come to symbolise strength and wisdom. Afterwards, why not take a camel ride in the desert? You can stop and drink tea at the top of the Giza plateau and enjoy the enchanting atmosphere. The ride costs approximately USD 21.
During the afternoon you can visit the Egyptian Museum. It features artefacts from the age of the Pharaohs and Greco-Roman period, including the mummies of ancient Egypt's kings and Tutankhamen's treasures (Entrance fee is USD 12). After this, you can have lunch in one of Cairo's most traditional restaurants, Felfela, located a few minutes away from the Museum and enjoy authentic Egyptian food in downtown Cairo.
What better way to end your day than a boat ride on the Nile river at sunset? Take a felucca, a traditional wooden sailing boat, and cruise for an hour or two enjoying the refreshing river breeze. Trips cost about USD 21 per hour. Afterwards, have your dinner at Abou El Seed a Typical Egyptian Restaurant and order Molokheya with chicken.
Known as 'The Pearl of the Mediterranean', Alexandria is the second-largest city in Egypt and has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern. Its ambience and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country, although it is only 225km from Cairo.
The word 'Giza' is thought to be of Arabic origin and means 'crossing'. It alludes to where the Nile was crossed at the time of the Arab conquests.
Pyramids of Giza
The three Pyramids were regarded by the Greeks as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. A single Pyramid is built with 2,300,000 blocks, each weighing an average of two and a half tonnes.